The Creation of the World is a compilation of eight indigenous myths about the origins of the world, the night, the stars, the moon, the rivers and the peoples of the forest. One of these, about the advent of night, tells of an exhausted sun that must shine without rest while the night sleeps in the depths of a river. The other tales speak of several tribes like the Araweté, who inhabit the margins of the Xingu River, the Karajés from the Upper Araguaia, and the Aparaí from northern Pará. The myth of the origin of the moon, however, comes to us from a now vanished tribe, the Kunibas, who lived on the left bank of the Juruá River. In these tales and legends, nature and the animals – the owl and piping-guan, the Amazon and Negro Rivers, the colourful birds – are also protagonists, alongside the chiefs and their tribes. Includes 8 legends.